Running/Gait Analysis

What is Running / Gait Analysis?

A running/gait analysis is used to identify biomechanical abnormalities in a runner’s gait cycle – in other words, it is a tool that can be used to assess the way an individual runs and walks. The analysis involves the use of a treadmill assessment, as well as video analysis, to determine any weak points or areas in need of improvement. 

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Registered Physiotherapist


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What are common running injuries?

Common running injuries include, but are not limited to:

  • Patellar tendonitis
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • ITB Friction Syndrome
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Compartment syndrome
  • Stress fractures
  • Muscle tears
  • Muscle imbalance
  • Metatarsalgia

What does a running assessment/gait analysis include?

First, your practitioner will meet with you to discuss: your history as a runner, your goals, history of previous injuries, and other sports you enjoy/participate in.

Then, you’ll complete a basic functional test. In some cases, orthopedic testing may also be required. The treadmill assessment will be completed both with and without shoes to better understand your gait. 

While the assessment is underway, your practitioner will provide some advice about your cadence, cueing, shoe wear, running programs, etc.

Following the assessment, your practitioner may prescribe specific exercises you should complete or cover some running drill training.

You’ll have the opportunity to schedule subsequent follow-ups for ongoing injury rehab, if so desired.

Why should runners get a running assessment?

Beginners: Should always complete a running assessment to gain knowledge on running training principles, running programs, shoe advice, and injury prevention.

Elite runners: Should get an assessment to address muscular imbalances, address injuries and how to modify training accordingly, advice on shoe support, and impact on running mechanics.

How do I know if I should get a running assessment/gait analysis?

If you fall into any of the below categories, you should get an assessment:

  • Beginner runner
  • Chronic pain during or after a run
  • Training plans based on time and distance goals
  • Training plans for improving performance

What can a treadmill analysis show me?

A treadmill analysis will show your practitioner a number of important things about your gait, including:

  • Stride length
  • Strike pattern/Arch dynamics
  • Cadence
  • Head/shoulder carriage
  • Vertical displacement
  • Horizontal displacement

What should I do before coming in for my running assessment?

You should complete our Running Assessment Questionnaire prior to your appointment. This questionnaire will be emailed to you once your appointment has been booked.

What should I bring with me to my running assessment?

  • Clothes to run in (shorts, T-shirt) – preferably solid colours, no black
  • Running shoes you regularly train in (long distances and speed work)
  • Orthotics (if applicable)
  • Have a small meal prior to assessment (at least 1 hour prior)

Do I need a referral for running/gait analysis at the Sport Medicine Clinic?

No referral is required to have an assessment at the Sport Medicine Clinic. New patients are welcome!

Do I need to be a Sport Medicine Clinic patient or member at the Toronto Athletic Club to do an assessment at the Clinic?

No! Any member of the public can benefit from an assessment. Please call 416-865-0903 or email us today to book your appointment.